Innova-Microsolar

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Innova MicroSolar  (Innovative Micro Solar Heat and Power System for Domestic and Small Business Residential Buildings) is a research and innovation project funded by the European Commission under the HORIZON 2020 Framework Programme. The aim of the Innova MicroSolar  project is to enhance application of Solar Thermal Energy in domestic and small business sectors  for power and heat production.

Innova MicroSolar ID-CARD

Acronym

Innova MicroSolar

Title

Innovative Micro Solar Heat and Power System for Domestic and Small Business Residential Buildings

Call

H2020-EE-2016-RIA-IA

Type of action

RIA

Grant Agreement number

723596

Duration

48 Months

Start date

01/09/2016

Estimated project cost

3,999,384 €

Requested EU contribution

3,999,384€

Total effort

575 Person-months

Project Coordinator

Prof Khamid Mahkamov – Northumbria University, UK (khamid.mahkamov@northumbria.ac.uk)

EU Project officer

Mr Piotr Wise

 

Objective

The overall objective of this project proposal is to develop an innovative high performance and cost-effective 2-kWel/18-kWth solar heat and power system for application in individual dwellings and small business residential buildings for on-site electricity and heat generation using solar thermal energy at modest temperatures of 250-280 degrees Centigrade.

The proposed technology is built around a novel flat Fresnel mirror solar concentrating collector and micro Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) plant combined with advanced Phase Change Material (PCM) thermal storage equipped with reversible heat pipes for rapid charging and discharging.

The whole system will be integrated with domestic boiler hot water and space heating system and will be laboratory tested and undergo field tests on the demonstration site.  

 

Vision

The figure below presents the functional blocks of the Innova MicroSolar system: 

 vision

 

During project activities the innovative domestic solar heating and power system will be validated (TRL 5) and demonstrated (TRL 6) in relevant environments in field tests. The operational characteristics of the whole new solar heating and power system will be demonstrated during a period covering winter and summer seasons.

The project will utilise the extensive expertise and knowledge, including proprietary IP, of the participants, accumulated over several decades across various disciplines, especially of:

  • Enogia (France) in the development of small and micro scale Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) plants specifically adapted for application with solar energy;

  • Elianto SRL (Italy) in the development and manufacturing of highly efficient solar concentrating collectors using linear Fresnel mirrors and its control units;

  • Thermacore Europe (UK) in the development of advanced heat pipe technologies for thermal management of engineering systems;

  • Strategie (Italy) in the development of engineering smart control units for integration of solar thermal and boiler systems;

  • Sinagro Enginyeria (Spain) in integration of renewable heating and power technologies in buildings;

  • User Feedback Program (Spain) in analysis and predictions of socio-economic impact and commercialisation of new renewable energy products;

  • University of Lleida (Spain) in the R & D of high performance Thermal Energy Storage systems on the basis of Phase Change Materials;

  • Università eCampus (Italy) in the R & D of CSP systems based on linear Fresnel mirrors;

  • Northumbria University (UK) in R & D and optimisation of complex renewable energy and fossil fuel systems. Additionally, Northumbria University has experience in the development of new PCM compounds with expandable graphite; in the development of CHP systems and in complex multi-physics modelling of devices and plants for heat and mass transfer and energy conversion.

The project will exploit in depth the added value from involvement of the above listed SMEs: their high standing in their respective fields, agility in the development and commercialization of new products together with their business acumen. In turn, these SMEs gain the added value in the project in terms of expanding their business which would lead to significant increase in financial turnover and employees.

This is also due to the fact that separate components to be developed by SMEs in this project can be easily used for another applications and find additional routes to the market. Thus, micro scale ORC of Enogia will be in demand in the automotive industry for utilization of exhaust gases of internal combustion engines; reversible heat pipes can be used in thermal management of numerous engineering products; the new PCM compound with enhanced thermal properties can be used in building and chemical industries for thermal management and heat recycling; solar Fresnel mirror concentrating collector with reduced dimensions can find application in industrial solar heating, power and cold production, etc.

 

Partners

The InnovaMicroSola consortium consists of academic and industrial organisations with the competences ensuring   achieving the scientific and technological goals of the project: 3 universities -Northumbria (UNN), Lleida (UDL),  Telematica eCampus (UeC) and 6 SME type commercial companies  for manufacturing and exploitation of the project developments – Enogia (France), Elianto (Italy), STRATEGIE (STE, Italy), Sinagro Enginyeria (SE, Spain) and User Feedback Program (UFP, Spain)

To accomplish all tasks in the project and to develop and demonstrate high performance solar domestic heat and power system it is necessary to have input in the following specific technologies: ORC power plant; concentrating solar collector; heat pipes; latent heat thermal storage tank; phase change materials and electronic control systems

The Table below shows the contribution and complementariness of each team in the project activities.

complementariness 

 

Elianto  takes charge in the development of concentrating solar collectors. Enogia has extensive experience in the development and production of ORC power plants and is assisted by UNN in theoretical part of activities. Also UNN has the strong track record in application of  3D CFD modelling technique for designing of heat and power systems and in system optimisation of heat and power plants.

Thermacore Europe’s business activities include production of low, medium and high temperature thermal management devices, including heat pipes and heat exchangers. They have all necessary facilities for the development of the necessary heat exchangers and thermal storage tank with reversible heat pipes. The team at Strategies has participated in the development of electronic control systems for a number of renewable energy power plants and their task in this project is to carry out similar activities on the development of the smart control unit with extended capability for the proposed system and its integration with in-house boiler system.

UdL is internationally known for their research in phase change materials for solar thermal energy accumulation and is assisted by UNN. UeC has an expertise in combined heat and power systems and also in solar concentrating collectors. Designing and building residential houses and integration of renewable energy systems into residential buildings is one of main aspects of the business in SE. Finally, the project requires knowledge in Building Industry and an input into market research related. to demand and potential for production of the proposed system. This  expertise is provided by SE and UFP. UFP also possess knowledge in determination of the social and environmental impact from deployment of various types of renewable energy systems and in conducting Life Cycle Analysis of Renewable energy products.

 

Partner Information 

[More detailed information on the project participants can be found at their respective websites]

 

Faculty of Engineering and Environment

University of Northumbria at Newcastle

Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

Web https://www.northumbria.ac.uk/

Contact: Prof. Khamid Mahkamov (Project Co-ordinator)

Email: khamid.mahkamov@northumbria.ac.uk

  Northumbria logo
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

GREA Innovació Concurrent

Department of Computer Science and Engineering

University of Lleida

Lleida, Spain

Web http://www.grea.udl.cat

Contact: Prof. Dr. Luisa F. Cabeza (Team Leader)

Email: lcabeza@diei.udl.cat  

 grea logo
 

Faculty of Engineering

Università eCampus

Novedrate, Province of Como, Italy

Web http://www.uniecampus.it

Contact: Dr Luca Ciocollonate (Team leader)

Email: luca.cioccolanti@uniecampus.it

 
 

Enogia

Marseille, France

Web http://www.enogia.com

Contact: Mr Arthur Leroux, CEO (Team leader)

Email: arthur.leroux@enogia.com 

 
 

Elianto (Concentrating Solar Power)

Pula, Cagliari, Sardegna, Italy

Web http://www.eliantocsp.it

Contact: Mr Piero Pili, CEO (Team leader)

Email: piero.pili@eliantocsp.com

 Elianto
 

Thermacore Europe

Ashington, Northumberland, UK

Web  http://www.thermacore-europe.com

Contact: Dr Georgios Gkounis (Team leader)

Email: g.gkounis@thermacore.co.uk

 thermacore
 

STRATEGIE Srl

Ancona, Italy

Web http://www.strategiesrl.com

Contact: Prof Carlo Bartolini, CEO (Team leader)

Email: c.m.bartolini@strategiesrl.com

 
 

Sinagro Enginyeria

Lleida, Spain

Web http://www.e3g.es

Contact: Mr Antonio Gimbernat, MD (Team leader)

Email: tgimbernat@sinagro.com

 
 

User Feedback Program

Almenar, Spain

Web  http://www.userfp.com

Contact: Ms Teresa Botargues Giron, CEO (Team Leader)

Email: info@ufp.cat

 

Progress/News

Meetings

 

Eighth Meeting

The eighth project meeting was held at the University of Lleida, Spain on 15-16 July 2019


  

The Seventh Meeting

The seventh project meeting was held at Università degli Studi eCampus, Novedrate, Italy, between 5-6 September 2018.

Sixth Meeting

The sixth project meeting was held at the University of Lleida, Spain on 24-25 May 2018

 

Fifth Meeting
The fifth meeting of consortium members was held at Northumbria University in Newcastle upon Tyne, England, in January 2018

fifth meeting

Fourth Meeting

The fourth meeting of consortium members was held at S.TRA.TE.G.I.E in Ancona, Italy, on 5-6 October 2017

Third Meeting

The third meeting of consortium members was held at Elianto in Cagliari, Italy, on 15-16 June 2017

Third Meeting

Second Meeting

The second meeting of consortium members was held at ENOGIA in Marseilles, France on 12-13 January 2017

 

 Second Meeting

Project kick-off meeting

The first meeting of consortium members was held at Lleida University on 21-23 September 2016

 meeting


Project activities for each team for the next 12 months were discussed and the plan and time-table of actions was approved. Grant Partnership Agreement was agreed upon and signed after the meeting.  The next meeting of the Consortium will take place on 12-13 January 2017 in Marseille, France (host – Enogia).

Current Progress in R&D of the Demo Plant

To date, the solar concentrating field (Figure 1 and video 1) was installled and connected to Balance of Plant (BoB) components, installed in the engine room (Figure 2). The plant is controlled from the engine room through the control system’s interface (Figure 3).

The system was tested and Figure 4 presents some of obtained data on the current performance of the plant.  Exeprimental measurement demonstrate that the current design of the solar field provides the thermal energy at the temperature of 210o C (240o C should be achieved).

A number of issues was identified in the design of the first prototype of the ORC tubine, which produced power at the level of about 1 kWe. Currently designs of the solar field and of the turbine are being rectified and prepared for a new series of tests. The curvature of primary mirrors will be adjusted and the second prototype of the ORC (Figure 5) will have imporved alternator, evaporator, cooling system and run on 365 mFc organic fluid (instead of Novec 649).

 

Figure 1. The solar concentrating field using liner Fresnel mirrors

 

 

Figure 2. Balance of Plant (BoP) components installed in the engine room (ORC, buildings central hot water storage tank, pumps, expansion vessel and others)

Figure 3. The plant control system graphical interface, including the option on by-passing the ORC and thermal storage system

Figure 4. Test results of the plant (May 2019).

 

Figure 5. CAD assembly drawings of the new ORC with 365 mFc working fluid

Publications/Dissemination

Publications

Open Access Journal

  • Sol-Carolina Costa, Khamid Mahkamov, Murat Kenisarin, Mohammad Ismail, Kevin Lynn, Elvedin Halimic, David Mullen (2020). “Solar Salt Latent Heat Thermal Storage for a Small Solar Organic Rankine Cycle Plant”. ASME Journal of Energy Resources Technologies, 142 (3):031203 https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4044557.

  • Sol-Carolina Costa, Mohammad Ismail, Murat Kenisarin, Khamid Mahkamov, David Mullen, Elvedin Halimic, Kevin Lynn (2019). “Comparative Study of Two Types of Medium Temperature Phase Change Materials”. WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 237:37-49.

  • Alessia Arteconi, Luca Del Zotto, Roberto Tascioni, Khamid Mahkamov, Chris Underwood, Luisa F Cabeza, Alvaro de Gracia, Piero Pili, André C Mintsa, Carlo M Bartolini, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Elvedin Halimic, Luca Cioccolanti (2019). “Simulation analysis of an innovative micro-solar 2kWe Organic Rankine Cycle plant coupled with a multi-apartments building for domestic hot water supply”. Energy Procedia, 158:2225-2230.

  • André-Charles Mintsa Do Ango, Gaël Levêque, Norman Holaind, Gabriel Henry, Arthur Leroux (2019). “Low temperature and power solar energy conversion for domestic use”. Energy Procedia, vol. 162, p. 454-463, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2019.02.072.

  • Alessia Arteconi, Luca Del Zotto, Roberto Tascioni, Khamid Mahkamov, Chris Underwood, Luisa Cabeza, Jose Maldonado, Roberto Manca, André Mintsa, Carlo Bartolini, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Elvedin Halimic, Luca Cioccolanti (2018). “Multi-country analysis on energy savings in buildings by means of a micro-solar organic rankine cycle system: a simulation study”. Environments, 5(11): 119 https://doi.org/10.3390/environments5110119.

  • Cioccolanti, Luca; Tascioni, Roberto; Arteconi, Alessia (2017). “Simulation analysis of an innovative micro-solar 2kWe Organic Rankine Cycle plant for residential applications”. Energy Procedia, vol. 142, p. 1629-1634, ISSN: 1876-6102, doi: 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.541.

  • José Miguel Maldonado, Margalida Fullana, Marc Martin, Arán Solé, Ángel G. Fernández, Alvaro de Gracia, Luisa F. Cabeza. “Phase Change Material Selection for Thermal Energy Storage at High Temperature Range between 210ºC and 270ºC”, Energies 4 (2018) 861 (13 pp.) doi:10.3390/en11040861.

  • Cioccolanti, Luca, Tascioni, Roberto, Arteconi, Alessia (2018), “Mathematical modelling of operation modes and performance evaluation of an innovative small-scale concentrated solar organic Rankine cycle plant”, Applied Energy, vol. 221, p. 464-476, doi: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.03.189  (APEN Special Issue of the 9th ICAE Conference).

     

    Conference Papers

  • Roberto Tascionia, Alessia Arteconi, Luca Del Zotto, Emanuele Habib, Enrico Bocci, Ramin Moradi, Khamid Mahkamov, Carolina Costa, Luisa F. Cabeza, Alvaro de Gracia, Piero Pili, André C. Mintsa, Matteo Pirro, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Elvedin Halimick, Luca Cioccolanti. “Numerical Investigation of the Pipelines modeling in a Small-Scale Concentrated Solar Combined Heating and Power Plant”, Proceedings of ICCHMT 2019 – XII International Conference on Computational Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer, 3- 6 September, Rome, Italy http://www.icchmt2019.com/ (organized by Roma Tre University).

  • Roberto Tascioni, Luca Cioccolanti, Piero Pili, Roberto Manca, Emanuele Habib. “1-D Dynamic Thermal Model of Receiver Tube for Fresnel Reflectors”. Proceedings of ICCHMT 2019 – XII International Conference on Computational Heat, Mass and Momentum Transfer, 3- 6 September, Rome, Italy http://www.icchmt2019.com/ (organized by Roma Tre University).

  • Sol-Carolina Costa, Mohammad Ismail, Murat Kenisarin, Khamid Mahkamov, David Mullen, Elvedin Halimic, Kevin Lynn. “Comparative Study of Two Types of Medium Temperature Phase Change Materials”. Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Energy and Sustainability, 3-6 July 2019, Coimbria, Portugal.

  • Gaël Leveque, André-Charles Mintsa Do Ango, Alessia Arteconi, Luca Cioccolanti, Roberto Tascioni, Khamid Mahkamov, Chris Underwood, Luisa F. Cabeza, Alvaro De Gracia, Roberto Manca, Carlo M. Bartolini, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Elvedin Halimic; “ORC Conversion Of Solar Heat To Electricity And Low Temperature Heat For Domestic Use”. Proceedings of the 5th International Seminar on ORC Power Systems. The National Technical University of Athens (NTUA), 9-11 September 2019, Athens, Greece.

  • Thomas C. Werner1, Yuying Yan, David Mullen, Elvedin Halimic. “Heat Pipe For Applications Above 280°C”. Proceedings of the 16th UK Heat Transfer Conference, 8-10 September 2019, Nottingham University, UK.

  • Alessia Arteconi, Francesco Ferracuti, Roberto Tascioni, Khamid Mahkamov, Murat Kenisarin, Carolina Costa, Luisa F. Cabeza, Alvaro de Gracia, Elvedin Halimic, David Mullen, Kevin Lynn, Luca Cioccolanti, “Black Box Modelling of a Latent Heat Thermal Energy Storage System Coupled with Heat Pipes”. Proceedings of the 19th International Heat Pipe Conference and 13th international Heat Pipe Symposium, 10-14 June 2018, Pisa – Italy.  

  • Julià Coma, José M. Maldonado, Alvaro de Gracia, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Luisa F. Cabeza. “Benchmarking of energy demand of residential buildings”, 14th International Conference on Energy Storage (EnerSTOCK), 25-28 April, 2018, Adana, Turkey

  • Khamid Mahkamov, Piero Pili, Roberto Manca, Arthur Leroux, Andre Charlse Mintsa, Kevin Lynn, David Mullen, Elvedin Halimic, Carlo Maria Bartolini, Matteor Pirri, Carolina Costa, Luisa F Cabeza, Alvaro de Garcia Cuesta, Murat Kenisarin, Irina Makhkamova. “Development of a small solar thermal power plant for heat and power supply to domestic and small business buildings”. Paper 7336. Proceedings of Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Power and Energy Conference, June 24-28, 2018, Lake Buena Vista, FL, USA.

  • Sol-Carolina Costa, Khamid Mahkamov, Murat Kenisarin, Kevin Lynn, Elvedin Halimic, David Mullen. “Solar Salt Latent Heat Thermal Storage for a small Solar Organic Rankine”. Paper 7326. Proceedings of Proceedings of the ASME 2018 Power and Energy Conference, June 24-28, 2018, Lake Buena Vista, FL, USA.

  • Julià Coma, José M. Maldonado, Alvaro de Gracia, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Luisa F. Cabeza. “Benchmarking of energy demand of domestic and small business buildings”. Building Integrated Renewable Energy Systems (BIRES), March 6-9, 2017, Dublin, Ireland. ISBN: 978-9963-697-23-6.

  • Julià Coma, José M. Maldonado, Alvaro de Gracia, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Luisa F. Cabeza. “Benchmarking of energy demand of domestic and small business buildings”. International Congress on Engineering Thermodynamics (10 CNIT). 28-30 June 2017, Lleida, Spain Julià Coma, José M. Maldonado, Alvaro de Gracia, Toni Gimbernat, Teresa Botargues, Luisa F. Cabeza. “Comparative analysis of energy demand and CO2 emissions of residential buildings”. Solar World Congress (SWC), 30 October -2 November 2017, Abu Dhabi, UAE

 

Dissemination

The Project and its activities have already been highlighted in the media. Two articles, dedicated to Innova MicroSolar, were published in Catalan Regional Newspaper “Segre”: 

Regional newspaper SeGRE – 17 September 2016

Regional newspaper SeGRE – 22 September 2016

Interviews with the Innova project team members during the fifth steering committee meeting in Northumbria University, January 2018



Events

"Innovative Heating and Power Systems for Future Buildings" Workshop in Rome

The workshop was held in Rome on 16 January 2019 and was organised by Università degli Studi eCampus. It was titled “Innovative Heating and Power Systems for Future Buildings”. The project aimed at discussing the present trends in the building sector regarding energy efficiency and energy self-production. The event poster and some pictures are shown below.

 Workshop poster Rome January 2019

 

Researchers’ Night 2018 Event ((Nit Europea de la Recerca 2018) took place on 28-29 September 2018 in Lleida and Almatret. 

The part of the event, which was held in Lleida, was made of several workshops, talks, expositions, guided visits, and open air activities accessible to all people of all ages with the aim of bringing science, research and technology closer to the general public. The Innova Microsolar team of Lleida University participated in this event and presented the Innova Microsolar Project on behalf of the consortium. 

The section of the event organised in Almatret (the site of the plant) was intended for local inhabitants to learn about the European projects located in their town and furthermore to learn about the methods and scientific research behind each project. The event was organised with assistance of local municipality. The officials from the municipality made introduction to the event explaining the origin and context of the Research Night. After that, presentation was made by a UDL researcher about the scientific works behind the projects Innova Microsolar and HYBUILD. Posters on these projects were exhibited and during the presentation information was provided about the consortium, partners involved, dissemination tasks, environmental and societal benefits of the project. The presentation was followed by a guided visit around the Innova MicroSolar demo site. 

The event in Lleida was was attended by about 200 people (general public and academics). The event in Almatret was attended by 30 people (local inhabitants, officials of local municipality).  

The main impact and benefit to the project was promotion of the solution, proposed in Innova Microsolar project, in the field of domestic solar CHP systems.

Photos from the event:

Presentation at Lleida


Presentation at Lleida

Presentation at Lleida


Presentation at Lleida

Presentation at Almatret


Presentation at Almatret

Contact

If you wish to contact us, please send an email to Prof. Khamid Mahkamov (Project Co-ordinator)

Email: khamid.mahkamov@northumbria.ac.uk